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Title: A Future Vision of the Multiuse House in Kuwait
Authors: Sura Saud AlSabah 
Supervisor: Dr. Mohammed Khaled Aljassar
Degree Awarded: Master’s Degree in Architecture
Keywords: Multiuse House, Home Business, Qualitative Case Studies, Kuwait.
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher:  Kuwait university - college of graduate studies
Abstract: This study identifies the importance of the multiuse house in Kuwait. It is associated with the type of housing that combines both residential and nonresidential activities within the same suburban settings. Historical evidence at local scale demonstrates that the multiusehouse typology is going through different stages. These stages began in the pre-oil era in Kuwait, then the typology disappeared during the oil era, and it is now reemerging again. Conducting family-trade activities from the house was socially accepted before the onset of oil. Due to the influx of wealth, new developments arose across the region in the mid-1940s and Kuwait’s economic, political, and social landscapes experienced rapid changes. This burgeoning housing landscape was a radical transformation that affected traditional neighborhood interactions. Rapid urbanization and the introduction of new zoning laws and codes, shifted trade activities to designated buildings and the multiuse-house model was lost for decades. Currently, Kuwait is witnessing a revival of multiuse-house practices throughout its residential neighborhoods. This research demonstrates the idea that the re-emergence of the multiuse house is a result of a combination of factors. Two of these factors identified in this study are 1) an individual’s strong passion to achieve goals that are otherwise difficult to attain through more “normative” means and 2) external forces that motivate individuals to operate their businesses from their homes. This study follows a qualitative methodological framework, utilizing archival documents such as maps, records, publications, and newspapers. In addition, the study uses in depth interviews as well as basic survey to generate data. The five case studies demonstrate the reasons why the research subjects operate nonresidential activities from their homes. The research subjects were Kuwaiti women multi using houses within the suburbs. As each case study reveals, there are many social, economic, spatial, and urban benefits to the multiuse-house typology. The case studies indicate that there are similarities in the motives driving individuals to seek this form of economic engagement, with a passion for their chosen activities as a central reason in all cases. This study seeks to open a dialogue through which the public can play a more active role in shaping the future of the multiuse house typology in Kuwait.
Appears in Programs:1610 Architecture

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