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Title: Analyzing the Potential of the Solar Photovoltaic Panels on the Roof of Selected Kuwaiti Residential Houses
Authors: Abdulwahab S. Almazeedi 
Supervisor: Dr. Adil A. Al-Mumin
Degree Awarded: Master’s Degree in Architecture
Keywords: Sustainable neighborhood, renewable energy, solar, photovoltaic (PV) panels, Kuwait.
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher:  Kuwait university - college of graduate studies
Abstract: Kuwait is among the highest per capita consumption of electricity worldwide with the oil being its main source of energy. Reports also indicated that the consumption of Kuwait is 22 times higher than what the country needs to provide per person. These facts among others have prompted His Highness the Emir of Kuwait to set a goal, vision 2030, to meet 15% of the local consumption through renewables. This research investigates the potential of the solar photovoltaic panels on the house roofs located in a selected Kuwaiti neighborhood by analyzing the roof conditions. It addresses the following specific questions: How much of the current electrical consumption can be replaced by solar energy? What are the factors that need to be considered for applying PV panels on residence houses? How practical is it to apply the PV panels considering factors such as the house design, the available space on the roof, obstructions to sunlight, and usage of electrical equipment? What is the current awareness level of house owners in Kuwait and how does this affect their willingness and motivation in applying PV panels on their houses? The methodology of the research is based on four stages: First, detailed investigation of the roofs of 30 houses in Block 8 of Al-Qadisiya neighborhood to recognize the obstacles and available space areas for PV panel. The second stage was the setup and simulation runs to calculate the expected electricity from the PV panels that will occupy these roof space areas. Third, comparison of the simulation results with the actual consumption of electricity of each house. Fourth, survey with the home owners to collect more detailed information about their houses as well as to understand their awareness and position with respect to the PV technology. Variety of data needed to be collected to ensure the accuracy of the research. This includes aerial images and GIS maps as well as high resolution drone pictures of the entire neighborhood of Al-Qadisiya – Block 8. The PV simulation set up used combination of software programs and plugins such as UMI, Rhinoceros3D, Grasshopper, and DIVA. Finally, electricity bills had to be collected from the Ministry of Electricity and Water for comparison purposes with the simulation results. Two scenarios were investigated: the first scenario assumed empty roof areas (ideal case scenario), and the second scenario assumed the roof areas to be occupied by all existing obstacles such as HVAC units, satellite dishes, and others (current case scenario). The results show that, on the average, PV electricity produced can offset 16% of the electricity consumed in the current situation of the houses. This would meet the vision 2030 which seeks to use 15% of the local consumption by renewable energy. Results also show that when the roofs are empty from all obstacles, which represents the ideal case, the electricity offset by PV panels reaches 22%. The results also show that among the 30 interviewed houses, 56 % of the owners have no idea or basic knowledge about solar PV panels and their use. On the other hand, 30% of the owners have good and good awareness about PV panels, and the other 13% of the owners have average knowledge. Regarding to the intension of applying the PV panels, 43% of house owners are willing to do so, while on the other hand 33% of them are not willing to apply PV panels. However, 23% of them are not sure about that.
Appears in Programs:1610 Architecture

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