Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/249
Title: Health-Related Physical Activity Survey of Kuwaiti Adult Population: Experimental Validation and Application of a Recall Instrument
Authors: Nadia H.J. Garashi 
Supervisor: Dr. Jasem Ramadan
Keywords: Health-Related Physical Activity Survey Kuwaiti Adult Population
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher:  Kuwait university - college of graduate studies
Abstract: Introduction: Regular physical activity (PA) is linked to physical and mental health benefits. Low levels of PA are becoming evolving problem in Kuwait and world-wide. The need for surveillance requires valid, reliable, and preferably comparable tools that can estimate the level of PA in a society. The aim of this study, therefor, was to establish a standard PA surveillance tool in which it incorporated the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) as the PA-measuring tool, in our Kuwait Physical Activity Questionnaire (KPAQ). Methods: in phase 1, testing of KPAQ/IPAQ was conducted (n=145) involving translation, back-translation, cultural adaptation, and testing of IPAQ. It served to evaluate appropriateness of KPAQ, logistics of distribution, data entry and analysis. Phase 2 involved test-retest reliability assessment (n=71), where subjects repeated KPAQ within 6-8 days after initial administration. Criterion validity (n=40) was also done to compare IPAQ data with data from Intelligent Device for Energy Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA). In phase 3, population survey (n=1957) was conducted using this reliable and valid KPAQ/IPAQ in a representative sample of Kuwaitis aged 17-65 years. Results: For reliability, correlation coefficient (r) for IPAQ items reflecting PA in min/week ranged between 0.63 and 0.74, and was 0.79 for total PA MET-min/w. In criterion validity, MET-min/w from IDEEA and IPAQ correlated significantly (r=0.61; r2=0.38). For the survey, categorical IPAQ scores showed that 33.7% were in high, 36.9% in moderate, and 29.4% in low PA level. Males (especially singles and students) and regularly exercising individuals were more likely to be in high PA level. Females were more likely to fall in low or moderate PA levels than males. v 37.1% performed moderate PA for at least 150 minutes per week. Percentage of regularly exercising individuals was 47.3%, higher in males than females (58% compared to 39.8%; p<0.001). Prevalence of self-reported chronic diseases was high, considerably increasing with age. Low PA level and overweight/obesity are highly prevalent even in youngest age group. Conclusions: The high percentage of Kuwaitis who failed to reach health enhancing PA level may be related to the elevated incidence of chronic diseases in Kuwait. KPAQ/IPAQ appears to be a reliable and valid tool for surveillance of PA.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/249
Appears in Programs:0530 Physiology (Ph.D.)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
PhD Manuscript Nadia Garashi Final.pdf5,67 MBAdobe PDFView/Open    Request a copy
Show full item record

Page view(s) 50

103
Last Week
2
Last month
checked on Feb 27, 2020

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.