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Title: Assessment of the Exposure to Volatile Organic Compounds (Vocs) in Service Stations in Kuwait
Authors: Omar Al-Qabandi 
Supervisor: Dr. Nawaf S. Alhajeri
Keywords: VOCs;employee exposure;gas stations
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher:  Kuwait university - college of graduate studies
Abstract: An exposure to Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in fuel stations has become an important issue for research in the field of air pollution in recent years. This is because of its significance to the health of employees working at the fuel stations and for the car drivers who spend time in the station. This thesis concern to investigate the air quality and employee exposure to VOCs in gas stations (service stations) in Kuwait was investigated. Specifically, the VOC concentrations are measured and compared to the global exposure limits that are set by Kuwait Environment protection authority (KEPA) and other global standards. Five service stations were selected in this study. Two gas stations are located on highways and the other are in the inner part of the cities. Thirty nine personal exposures (Active sampling) and 3 air quality (passive sampling) data sets were gathered in this study. VOC concentrations were collected using thermal desorption tubs method and analyzed using Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization detector (GC-FID). The mean VOC concentrations of the analyzed samples were well below the global standards limits and Kuwait EPA standard limits. The results also show that there are some of the VOCs compounds that were detected with high concentrations such as: (Benzene 3.69 ppb, 2-methyl butane 2.22 ppb, Toluene 2.12 ppb, Ethyl Benzene 1.97 ppb, N-Hexane 1.28 ppb, 3-methylhexane, 0.85 ppb, Undecane 0.78 ppb, Methylcyclohexane 0.277 ppb, Styrene 0.17 ppb and O-Xylene 0.07 ppb)  
Appears in Programs:2040 Environmental Sciences

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