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Title: Assessment of Air Quality and Pollution Sources in the Southern Region of Kuwait using OpenAir R Model
Authors: Anwar M. MohammedAli 
Supervisor: Dr. Nawaf S. Alhajeri
Keywords: air quality;NO2;SO2;O3;PM10;CO;CO2
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher:  Kuwait university - college of graduate studies
Abstract: The industrial and technological revolution along with the increasing demand for energy is the driving force behind primary atmospheric issues. The goal of this study is to analyze the air quality trend and identify predominant pollution sources in the southern region of the State of Kuwait. The concentrations of pollutants NO2, SO2, O3, PM10, CO and CO2 were analyzed for a period of 9 years (2004 to 2012). The hourly data for those pollutants was obtained from the Kuwait Environmental Public Authority (KEPA) for three air quality monitoring stations (namely: Al-Fahaheel and Al-Riqqa). The air quality trend was analyzed using the OpenAir R Model. The primary results demonstrate that the southern region is a VOC-limited area, and NOx leads to both the formation and destruction of ozone, thus indicating that O3 concentrations are depressed through the NOx titration process. Therefore, reducing VOC quantities is the most cost-efficient method for reducing ground-level ozone concentrations. The highest NO2 concentrations were observed in the Al-Fahaheel area, with more than 1200 exceedance days (i.e., number of days when the area violates the KEPA ambient air quality standards). The highest SO2 concentrations were found in the Al-Fahaheel area because of its location near the Shuaiba power station and three main refineries. The results indicate that Al-Fahaheel was greatly impacted by the petrochemical systems located in the southeast and Al-Riqqa was affected by the West Shuaiba industrial area and the congested inner road, respectively.
Appears in Programs:2040 Environmental Sciences

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