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Title: How Organic is the Local Agricultural Farms: Assessment of Four Vegetables Crops and Public Perception in Kuwait
Authors: Amna Sultan Albinali 
Supervisor: Dr. Abdirashid Elmi
Keywords: Local Agricultural Farms, Vegetables Crops , Kuwait
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher:  Kuwait university - college of graduate studies
Abstract: Organic agriculture is not a new concept as it has been practiced originally in agriculture. Although synthetic fertilizers and pesticides use have boosted agricultural yields, primarily by enhancing soil productivity, organic agriculture is preferred by many as a desirable practice of farming for human consumption and environmental integrity. Kuwait is one of the few countries in the world that depend entirely on food imports for food security, with all risks associated with complete dependency on food imports due to international market volatility and regional security concerns. Consequently, there is a sense of urgency to promote local food production to meet, partly at least, the growing food demand. Local farmers are adopting organic agriculture on a growing scale with little experience and absence of well-defined standards against which the quality of their products can be measured. To the best of our knowledge, no pervious study has been conducted on organically grown crops in Kuwait as compared to conventional crops sold in the supermarkets of Kuwait. This study is designed to investigate the organic farming in Kuwait by comparing the organically grown vegetables with conventional grown vegetables samples. Findings indicated higher concentrations of total nitrogen (TN) than total phosphorus (TP) under organic crops than conventional crops. Furthermore, elements like arsenic (As), lead (Pb), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) concentrations were higher than iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) under organic crops than conventional crops. These observations differ from previous studies that reported higher TP contents under organically grown crops, which may be due to the nature of saline desert agroecosystem limiting P availability. The study is complimented with a public survey questionnaire intended to dissect public perception of organic food in Kuwait. People preferred to consume organic food if the price were affordable, because they perceive organic food as a healthy and safe food.
Appears in Programs:2040 Environmental Sciences

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