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Title: Gender and Sexuality in the Shadows of Patriarchy in Elias Khoury’s Post-Civil War Novels
Authors: سارة عبدالجبار الناصر 
Supervisor: Dr. Zahra A. Hussein Ali
Keywords: Gender : sexuality
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher:  Kuwait university - college of graduate studies
Abstract: Interdisciplinary cultural approaches to issues of gender and war continue to introduce various concepts that explain and deconstruct the gender-based system of war. Recently, the theoretical work of the Sociologist Raewyn W. Connell on hegemonic masculinities, and the critical writings of the Feminist Cynthia Enloe on the links between masculinity and war as well as her concept of forms of “militarization” have furnished the basis for several studies on anti-war discourses. On a different yet related plane, the writings of the feminist thinker Luce Irigaray on the social construction of sexual difference and the Other continue to offer a new understanding of subjectivity and the role it plays in perpetuating social hierarchies. Within the context of the Lebanese civil war and the various cultural and sociopolitical reasons for the conflicts and transformations that caused and accompanied it, this thesis focuses on the major roles that militaristic gender discourses play in constructing the literary images of the Lebanese post-civil war human subject and society. Focusing on the Lebanese writer Elias Khoury’s post-civil war novels, Yalo (2002), As Though She Were Sleeping (2007), and Broken Mirrors: Sinalcol (2012), this thesis casts light on the workings of patriarchy in Lebanese society struggling with the civil war. Analysis of the chaos that war creates and its sociopolitical corollaries in Khoury’s three novels suggests that while this war reinforces gendered power hierarchies, it exposes the struggles of both male and female characters/subjects with patriarchy and gender expectations. It argues that while male characters struggle to achieve a sense of subjectivity through hegemonic masculine discourses by using women as objects, these women attempt to negotiate power relations and challenge masculine subjectivity.
Appears in Programs:0321 Comparative Literary and Cultural Studies

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