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Title: Diet Behavior, Attitude, and Nutrition Knowledge and its Relation to Obesity among Adolescent Girls aged 15 – 19 years in Kuwait
Authors: Latifa Mohammad Al-Ghanim 
Supervisor: Prof. Jiwan S. Sidhu
Keywords: Diet Behavior : girl
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher:  Kuwait university - college of graduate studies
Abstract: This study aimed to assess the diet-related behavior, attitudes and nutritional knowledge among adolescent girls in Kuwait, and to investigate whether there were correlations between levels of nutrition knowledge, diet related behaviors and attitudes, and obesity in adolescent girls in Kuwait. A dietary questionnaire was formulated and tested for reliability and validity in a pilot sample in Al-Jazaer high school located in Capital governorate in Kuwait. A cross-sectional study was followed and it was conducted among the targeted adolescent girls aged 15-19 years recruited from three pre-chosen locations: Al-Jahra school in Al-Jahra governorate, Qurtuba High School in Capital governorate, and a private school in Hawally governorate. A total of three hundred and one adolescent females, mean age 16.4±1 years, participated in the study, and mean BMI was 25.26 ± 5.61 kg/m2. Among the adolescent girls, only 20.9% of participants had “satisfactory eating habits”; 29.2% had an active lifestyle; 11.3% had good comprehension of the meaning of healthy and unhealthy dietary habits and food; 19.9% had high self-efficacy; and 16.3% had quite good nutrition knowledge. There were no associations observed between the weight status and any of the sections of the questionnaire. Higher mean scores were observed by Qurtuba high school compared to Al-Jahra high school for the sections on eating habits (10.45 ± 2.38 vs. 9.46 ± 2.41, p < .05), physical activity (9.04 ± 2.23 vs. 8.01 ± 2.35, p <.05), and nutrition knowledge (3.34 ± 0.90 vs. 2.96 ± 0.99, p <.05). In the overall analysis, scores of eating habits were positively correlated with scores of physical activity, perceptions on healthy and unhealthy dietary habits and food, self-efficacy, and nutritional knowledge. Our sample were high in nutrition attitudes represented by beliefs and self-efficacy, however, they failed to translate beliefs into good nutritional habits. According to our results, it is necessary to develop nutrition education programs at the school level that aim at improving the adolescents’ healthy behaviors.
Appears in Programs:1820 Nutrition Science & Food Science

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