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Title: Management of Medical Wastes in Governmental and Private Hospitals in Kuwait
Authors: Batoul A. Al-Turkomani 
Supervisor: Prof. Mohammed F. Hamoda
Keywords: Medical Wastes : Hospitals
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher:  Kuwait university - college of graduate studies
Abstract: Medical waste poses serious threats to environmental health due to its content of hazardous substances. The hazardous substances include pathological and infectious material, sharps, and pharmaceutical/chemical wastes. In developing countries, medical waste has not received much attention and it is disposed of together with domestic waste. Medical waste management includes collection, handling, treatment, and disposal of the wastes. In this study, the management practices of medical wastes in four selected hospitals, two governmental and two private, were assessed. The cross-sectional study involved the use of questionnaires, in-depth interviews, focused group discussions, and collection of daily data records on waste quantities. The study determined the generation rates of medical wastes in both public and private hospitals, evaluated current management system of medical wastes, and proposed an appropriate system for management of medical wastes in Kuwait. Results have shown that waste generation rates in government hospitals averaged 3.3 kg/bed/day while it is much lower in private hospitals averaging 2.5 kg/bed/day, due to proper waste management. Collection / transport of medical wastes is conducted by specialized private companies. The waste treatment system used in governmental hospitals is incineration, whereas in private hospitals is autoclaving. The final disposal in both cases of the wastes is land-filling in governmental approved sites. A waste management system has been proposed in which source separation of waste is emphasized and staff training is included.
Appears in Programs:2040 Environmental Sciences

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