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Title: Study of Locating New Power Plants in Kuwait by Environmental Assessment of Sulphur Dioxide Emission
Authors: Dalal Abdul Mohsin Al-Ashwak 
Supervisor: Dr. Bader H. Al-Busairi
Keywords: Power Plants
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher:  Kuwait university - college of graduate studies
Abstract: The thesis discusses the relation between rapid industrial changes in power plants and urban expansion in Kuwait and their bad impact on the environment. It is especially analyze the problems associated with the locations of alternative new power plants, and identify how Kuwaiti government can goes beyond these difficulties in choosing the right place to build them while reducing the prevalence of pollutants in the atmosphere. Also, it describes sensitivity of how the climatic parameters effect model simulation for selected sites and the importance each of diffusion and convection mechanisms in mass transfer process. Under steady state weather condition BREEZE AERMOD atmospheric dispersion model is used in this study to simulate ground level sulphur dioxide (SO2) emission concentrations from the power plants only and compare the results with environmental standards set by Kuwait environmental Public Authority (KEPA). To compute the monthly and annual emissions concentrations historical metrological data of year 2012 in Kuwait were used in incorporation with the dispersion model to compute ground levels of emissions concentrations. In addition, the entire process has been documented including all assumptions and estimates that are made to reflect the reality and provided reasonable result. Finally, the result showed AERMOD modelled monthly and annual values for 2012 are comparatively good agreement with environmental standards set by KEPA. Moreover, different case studies have been studied depending on changing the location of the new power plants. The comparison among all the alternative case studies revealed that case (5) is the best situation that could suggest in future for the new power plants, when the new power plants are equivalent to DE and DW in Failaka Island and locate the new power plant that is equivalent to ZS in Al-Zour. Based on these results, there was a significant influence of SO2 emission when new plants were added, therefore reduction strategies would be suggested to retreat high SO2 concentration caused by these new power plants.
Appears in Programs:0640 Chemical Engineering

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