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Title: Assessment of Seawater Quality of Kuwait Bay
Authors: Haidar Liri 
Supervisor: Prof. Jasem Al-Awadhi
Keywords: Seawater Quality, Kuwait Bay
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher:  Kuwait university - college of graduate studies
Abstract: Kuwait Bay is considered as one of the most important marine features in Kuwait. The study was focused in this area due to the location of the area that is surrounded by most of Kuwait citizen areas, industries, harbors, and the development activities such as Shaikh Jabir bridge. Kuwait Bay. Several sources of pollution were found around Kuwait Bay mainly from sewage and Industrial effluent. The research mainly aimed to evaluate Kuwait Bay water quality through several chemical and physical analysis for water and total suspended solid. In this study 52 water sample were collected from 52 locations to assess the water quality. Whereas 24 water sample were chosen to evaluate the total suspended solids in the water. All the samples were taking from 1-meter depth. Physical parameters such as temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, turbidity and Ph were taking from 5 real time monitoring buoys that stablished by Kuwait Environmental Public Authority (KEPA). All the data were collected during April-May 2017 and represented as maps using Arc-GIS program. The average level of physio-chemical parameters; Temperature, Salinity, Conductivity, Turbidity, Dissolved Oxygen and Ph in Kuwait Bay water were 27.8 C, 40.2 ppt, 60.2 us/cm, 5.9 NTU, 6 mg/l and 8.2, respectively. Whereas the average level of nutrients; Silicate, Nitrate, Nitrite and Ammonia were 333 ug/l, 83 ug/l, 235 ug/l and 43.5 ug/l, respectively. The average level of trace metal found in Kuwait Bay water were 14.7 mg/l for Ba, 380 mg/l for Ca, 9727 for Na, 411 for K and 1432 for Mg. Whereas the total suspended solids has an average of 25.3 mg/l and the level of trace metal found in the total suspended solids were 1.2 mg/kg for As, 0.2 mg/kg for Co, 15.6 mg/kg for Cr, 13.8 mg/kg for Fe, 0.1 mg/kg for Hg, 3 mg/kg for Mn, 3.3 mg/kg for Ni, 4.5 mg/kg for Se, 5,4 mg/kg for Zn. The enrichment factor was calculated to identify the different between natural and human sources of trace metals The study revealed negative impact of the sewage and industrial effluent. It also shows that the concentration of heavy metals in Kuwait Bay water were in the range of acceptance limit except for Hg in the total suspended solids was slightly polluted. The outcome of this research defines Sulaibikhat Bay and Al-Doha area as hotspots
Appears in Programs:0460 Geology

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