Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/779
Title: "Simulating the air quality impact of petrochemical systems in the Southern region of Kuwait"
Authors: Fatemah Mater Ajeel 
Supervisor: Dr. Nawaf S. Alhajeri
Keywords: Air pollution, AERMOD dispersion model, metrological data, petrochemical Industries
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher:  Kuwait university - college of graduate studies
Abstract: Several studies assessed the air quality in the southern region of Kuwait because of its location nearby many of air pollution sources. The objective of this study is to simulate the air quality effects of the main petrochemical industries in the southern region of Kuwait. First, the study simulates the dispersion of SO2, NOx, CO and VOC in the southern region of Kuwait for the year of 2014 using AERMOD, an air quality dispersion model. Second objective is to assess the impact of predicted maximum concentrations on the adjacent residential areas which are Fahaheel, Ahmadi, Ali Al Salem Al Sabah and Subah Al Ahmad. This study uses the atmospheric data from the primary sources of pollution in the south region that include the three refineries namely: Shuaiba refinery, Mina Al-Ahmadi refinery and Mina Abdullah refinery, Equate and Petrochemical Industries Company (PIC). The result showed that the 95th percentile values of hourly and daily concentration of SO2 and NOx for all months of year 2014 above the standard, while for CO the 95th percentile was lower than the standard. There were exceedances in the highest averages of hourly and daily concentration of SO2, and NOx while there was no exceedance in hourly and daily concentration of CO. The maximum value of the highest averages of hourly concentration of SO2, NOx, CO and VOC were 464.46 μg /m³, 316.98 μg /m³, 373.27 μg /m³ and 225.03 μg /m³ respectively. The maximum value of the highest average of SO2, NOx, CO and VOC concentration predicted daily were 475.629μg /m³, 338.16 μg /m³, 383.48μg /m³ and 243.6 μg /m³ respectively. The residential areas affected by the highest concentrations of SO2, NOx, CO and VOC in descending order as follow, Ali Sabah Al Salem, Fahaheel, Al Ahmadi and Sabah Al Ahmad and this is because these areas are near to the sources and due to the prevailing wind direction, which mostly from North West (NW) to the South East (SE).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/779
Appears in Programs:2040 Environmental Sciences

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